Niki De Saint Phalle...

Niki De Saint Phalle

was born in 1930 in Nevilly-sur-Seine, France, and raised in New York City. She began painting in 1948, moved four years later to Europe (Nice, Paris, and Mallorca), and first came to international prominence in 1961 as a member of the influential "New Realists," a group that also included Christo, Yves Klein, and Jean Tinguely (her frequent collaborator whom she married in 1971). Today, she is best known for her oversized, voluptuous female figures, the Nanas, which can be seen in cities and museums around the world. Among her large-scale installations are the Stravinsky Fountain near the Centre Pompidou in Paris (1983), the Tarot Garden at Garaviccio in southern Tuscany (which was entirely financed by the artist and opened after twenty-four years of work in 1998), and the Grotto in Hannover's Royal Herrenhausen Garden (2003).